What to Prepare in the Second Trimester of Pregnancy: Congratulations! You’ve made it to the second trimester of your pregnancy, a time often considered the golden period due to reduced morning sickness and increased energy levels. As you embark on this exciting journey, it’s essential to ensure you’re well-prepared for the upcoming changes and milestones. Let’s dive into the key aspects to focus on during the second trimester.
The second trimester, spanning from week 13 to week 28, or months 4, 5, and 6 of pregnancy, is when moms may begin to visibly appear pregnant due to the growing belly. During this period, the fetal organs start to form.
What to Prepare During the Second Trimester of Pregnancy
For those curious about the baby’s gender, the second trimester allows moms to start finding out through ultrasound (USG) examinations, typically conducted during regular prenatal check-ups with an obstetrician.
Here are some preparations that can make the second trimester of pregnancy comfortable and healthy until childbirth:
Purchase Maternity Clothes
The regular clothes that moms wore before pregnancy or during the early stages may no longer fit comfortably. Therefore, it is advisable for moms to buy a few new and comfortable maternity clothes. There’s no need to buy too many, as body size may still change. Also, consider purchasing some dresses or blouses suitable for work.
Maintain Oral Hygiene
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can make moms more susceptible to gum diseases such as gingivitis. This condition can impact fetal development. To address this, it is recommended for moms to brush their teeth with fluoride toothpaste in the morning and evening. Additionally, remember to replace the toothbrush every three months or when the bristles are worn out.
Apply Lotion to the Belly
The expanding belly or hormonal changes can cause itching. To alleviate discomfort, moms can apply lotion to the belly area after each shower or use a cold compress.
Start Sleeping on the Side
A growing belly can make sleeping uncomfortable. Therefore, it is advised for moms to sleep on the left side. Sleeping on the left side helps improve blood circulation to the placenta and baby, reducing swelling in moms’ bodies. To make sleeping in this position more comfortable, use pillows behind the back or between the legs.
Practice Kegel Exercises
Pregnancy may lead to involuntary urine leakage when laughing or coughing. To address this, moms can practice Kegel exercises, which also help tighten vaginal and pelvic muscles, enhance sexual pleasure, and prevent hemorrhoids.
Attend Prenatal Classes
Joining specific prenatal classes teaches moms safe and beneficial exercises for pregnancy. Moreover, these classes provide an opportunity to meet other expectant mothers, share pregnancy experiences, and may include prenatal yoga for physical health and mental relaxation.
During the second trimester, it’s essential for moms to maintain a nutritious diet, take prenatal vitamins, stay hydrated, get enough rest, and avoid activities that could pose risks to the pregnancy. If experiencing any concerns during the second trimester, moms should promptly consult a doctor for appropriate care.
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