An abdominal migraine is not a headache. As the name suggests, this disease can make the sufferer’s stomach feel sick. However, those with abdominal migraines feel the same reaction as those with migraine headaches. This condition can cause pain and cause nausea, cramps, and frequent vomiting.
This condition is often experienced by children whose family members experience migraines. They are more likely to get abdominal migraines. As many as 15% of children with chronic abdominal pain may experience abdominal migraines, whereas this condition is less common in adults. In addition, children who have abdominal migraines experience migraine headaches as they get older.
Also Read : All about Abdominal Migraine
Causes and Triggers of Abdominal Migraine
Until now, the exact cause of this disease is not known. However, this is allegedly due to changes in the levels of two compounds made by the body, namely histamine and serotonin. When a person feels angry or worried, this can invite the disease to come. In addition, in some people foods such as chocolate, foods containing monosodium glutamate (MSG), and processed meats can trigger stomach migraines. Swallowing a lot of air can trigger this disease to appear so that the sufferer feels bloated and has difficulty eating.
Symptoms of Abdominal Migraine
The main symptom of this disease is pain around the navel that sometimes feels sore. The intensity of pain can range from moderate to severe. Along with pain, children with this disease have other symptoms, such as:
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Pale or flushed face.
- Frequent yawning, sleepiness, or low energy.
- Loss of appetite or not being able to eat.
- Has dark shadows under the eyes.
Each migraine attack lasts from one hour to three days. In between attacks of abdominal migraine, children can look healthy and show no symptoms.
The symptoms of abdominal migraine are similar to those of many other childhood gastrointestinal (GI) conditions because they involve areas of the digestive system. The difference is that abdominal migraine symptoms come and go with days to months with symptoms that come and go.
Abdominal Migraine Treatment
Unfortunately, because this disease is very minimal in information, the doctor gives medicine based on the symptoms that appear. Hydration therapy (especially if there is significant vomiting), NSAIDs, antinausea drugs and triptans are types of drugs that can be used but are adjusted to the patient’s age. When this disease occurs frequently, then preventive therapy used for other forms of migraine can be done.
Abdominal Migraine Prevention
Children with abdominal migraine problems can identify triggers for the condition, of course with the help of parents and doctors. Parents can keep a diary, such as the date and time the child had this condition, the foods and medications they ate before, what they did before it happened.